What are the types of maintenance?

Another is that new technologies enable new strategies. When new technology gives us new capacity, we can take advantage of it in a new strategy.

What are the types of maintenance?

Another is that new technologies enable new strategies. When new technology gives us new capacity, we can take advantage of it in a new strategy. For condition-based maintenance and predictive maintenance, for example, the sensors installed on your assets and equipment capture a constant stream of data that you can use to help determine when to schedule upcoming inspections and maintenance tasks. Here, you use a program of inspections and tasks to find and fix small problems before they have a chance to turn into big problems.

Preventive maintenance is basically the idea behind the old saying that “an ounce of prevention is worth more than a pound of cure”. One way to understand the benefits of preventive maintenance is to analyze all the problems that are avoided. Default maintenance consists of simply following the manufacturer's recommendations for maintenance, including when to perform inspections and maintenance. Basically, it's the same as condition-based maintenance, except that the data is analyzed to make accurate predictions about future faults.

It now has the same maintenance costs depending on the conditions, plus the additional cost of even more sophisticated software that requires even more specialized training for its staff. For assets that don't fit any of these descriptions, it probably makes more sense to use preventive maintenance. As with many other strategies, you don't have to make a difficult choice between strictly one or the other. When an asset is newer, you can use default maintenance.

Later, when you've created a maintenance and repair history, you can start adjusting the schedule to better suit your specific situation. Choosing the right maintenance strategy starts with understanding your options, benefits and drawbacks. The tendency to fail usually has a bad reputation, but for a specific asset class and equipment, it is the best option. Use it when things are difficult or impossible to maintain, cheap to carry in inventory, easy to replace, or not essential to your operations.

Preventive maintenance helps you detect problems early by scheduling inspections and tasks. It also saves you money and frustration, since you can plan everything in advance. For default maintenance, everything is basically the same as with preventive maintenance, except that you follow a schedule set by the manufacturer, not by your department. State-based and predictive using sensors and special software to collect and analyze data from sensors installed directly on or near your assets.

Depending on the conditions, the software searches for readings outside the preset parameters. For prediction, the software analyzes the data to predict future failures long before they begin to develop. In the end, there is no perfect strategy for all time. You must choose the combination that best suits your assets, adjusting your approach as your assets age and your department collects data.

This type of maintenance is carried out by the technicians in charge of industrial maintenance before any failure or malfunction occurs. Refers to spare parts, components and machinery and equipment in order to reduce the risk of breakdowns. The digitalization of industrial companies has provided many IT and technological solutions that allow technicians to effectively perform, monitor, track and plan preventive maintenance. The emergence of data processing and analysis solutions, as well as artificial intelligence, has allowed manufacturers to plan predictive maintenance based on the prediction of faults and faults.

This type of industrial maintenance allows companies to anticipate problems by planning the necessary maintenance interventions and operations based on predictions. Therefore, it makes it possible to limit expenses caused by unexpected breakdowns, equipment downtime and production interruptions. This type of preventive maintenance is distinguished by its frequency. Technicians carry it out regularly and systematically, with time intervals well defined beforehand.

This allows components and spare parts to be replaced regularly, improving machine productivity. Therefore, systematic preventive maintenance is based on a periodic inspection of the various equipment, which allows maintenance technicians to gather the necessary information about the different components of the production line and effectively prevent breakdowns and repair costs. Conditional preventive maintenance consists of monitoring the parameters and key indicators of the operation of the property and implementing the corrective actions necessary to anticipate any faults or malfunctions. There are many emerging IT tools available to automate this type of industrial maintenance.

In this way, technicians and maintenance workers can simplify and facilitate their work by opting for the digitalization of industrial maintenance processes. Predictive maintenance (PdM) aims to predict faults before they occur so that maintenance can be done at the right time. PdM uses machine sensor data and intelligent technology to alert maintenance staff when equipment is at risk of failure. For example, a sensor can use vibration analysis to alert maintenance staff that equipment is at risk of failure, at which point it will be disconnected, inspected, and repaired accordingly.

Join more than 14,000 maintenance professionals who receive monthly tips on the CMMS, industry news and updates. For example, a manufacturing plant that has a team dedicated to maintenance technology and is owned by a multi-billion dollar company will use predictive maintenance. A small facility that is owned by a private company and is starting to bring maintenance to the company will use several forms of reactive maintenance. However, as the company experiences the high costs associated with reactivity, it will begin to experiment with proactive types of maintenance.

Preventive maintenance is the most popular type of proactive maintenance. To start performing preventive maintenance (PM) tasks, an organization doesn't need to buy new technology if it already has a CMMS. This is not the case with predictive maintenance, which requires health monitoring sensors and new software integrations. However, with preventive maintenance, the organization risks overscheduling maintenance tasks because tasks are scheduled based on time and not on actual conditions.

That said, preventive maintenance achieves a cost savings of 12 to 18% compared to reactive maintenance. Learn more about the benefits of preventive maintenance. Condition-based maintenance (CBM) is the foundation of predictive maintenance, but, on its own, it doesn't rely on technology to determine the status of an asset, as PdM does. For example, a manager can instruct an operator to monitor the status of an asset and submit a work request when a specific condition is met.

This approach may or may not be as reliable as predictive maintenance. An organization that has highly trained operators can better detect hazardous conditions than an organization that uses PdM technology that doesn't know what to look for. Routine maintenance is a form of time-based maintenance and preventive maintenance, although some organizations differentiate between routine maintenance and preventive maintenance. They use the latter for smaller tasks (i.e.,.

Cleaning) is done at higher frequencies (every hour, every day) and the first for larger tasks (i.e. Inspections) carried out at lower frequencies (weekly, monthly, annual). In addition, routine maintenance is performed by operators, janitors and other staff members, while preventive maintenance is performed by technicians. Non-routine maintenance includes maintenance that is performed reactively or only when necessary depending on the condition of an asset.

Corrective maintenance is inherently part of emergency maintenance because, when there is an emergency, something needs to be corrected or fixed. In this way, corrective maintenance is mostly reactive. However, you can also be proactive. If an asset with a condition monitoring sensor detects a problem, a work order is created and sent to a technician to correct it.

Similarly, preventive maintenance is considered corrective maintenance if there is a problem to be solved. However, this is rare, since PMs are usually performed when an asset is in good working order. Total productive maintenance (TPM) is the broadest type of maintenance that targets more than just the assets that need to be maintained. It also aims to improve employee satisfaction and overall morale in the workplace, specifically in manufacturing plants.

To do this, TPM increases the overall equipment efficiency (OEE) and the amount of planned maintenance. More planned work means that more workers have the resources they need to do their jobs, which translates into higher levels of satisfaction. TPM also leverages machine operators to participate in maintenance and take charge of their equipment. Start today with fully productive maintenance.

Among all the types of maintenance mentioned above, condition-based maintenance is the most complicated to implement. Even a state-of-the-art manufacturing plant that has predictive maintenance technology will use less advanced types of maintenance. As with all types of maintenance, relying solely on preventive maintenance has potential drawbacks. Depending on the budget, the amount of resources, the combined level of experience and the organization's maintenance objectives, one or more types of maintenance are used.

Planned maintenance means that a maintenance planner or other type of maintenance worker has fully planned the availability of parts, materials, skills, and other resources during the scheduled time period. To understand what types of maintenance to implement, you must know what types you are currently using and what your maintenance objectives are. There are many other types of maintenance that work well for all types of organizations, from small stores drowning in paperwork orders to data-based business operations, for which predictive maintenance is a reality. This type of maintenance is described as planned because it is based on well-established maintenance programs and concrete data.

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Chelsea Balzano
Chelsea Balzano

Extreme travel fan. Freelance coffee specialist. Infuriatingly humble food fan. Infuriatingly humble beer evangelist. Certified twitter ninja.

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